W. Stewart Grant, Einar Árnason and Bjarki Eldon. 2016. New DNA coalescent models and old population genetics software. ICES Journal of Marine Science. doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsw076.  10.1093/icesjms/fsw076.

W. Stewart Grant,  Guðni Magnús Eiríksson and Einar Árnason. 2016. Paying attention to assumptions: Coalescing genes and reproductive skew in marine species. The American Fisheries Society, Genetics Section Newsletter Volume 29, Issue 1, September 2016.

Daniel Shain, Katrín Halldórsdóttir, Finnur Pálsson, Guðfinna Aðalgeirsdóttir, Andri Gunnarsson, Thorsteinn Jónsson, Shirley Lang, Hlynur Pálsson, Sveinbjörn Steinþórssson, Einar Árnason, 2016. Colonization of Maritime Glacier Ice by Bdelloid Rotifera. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, doi: http://10.1016/j.ympev.2016.02.020

Einar Árnason, 2016. Commentary on Models of biobanks and implications for reproductive health innovation. Monash Bioethics Review. doi:10.1007/s40592-016-0054-2

Katrín Halldórsdóttir and Einar Árnason. 2015. Whole-genome sequencing uncovers cryptic and hybrid species among Atlantic and Pacific cod-fish. bioRχiv, The preprint server for biology doi:

Katrín Halldórsdóttir and Einar Árnason. 2015. Trans-species polymorphism at antimicrobial innate immunity Cathelicidin genes of Atlantic cod and related species. PeerJ 3:e976. doi: 10.7717/peerj.976

Einar Árnason and Katrín Halldórsdóttir. 2015. Nucleotide Variation and Balancing Natural Selection at the Ckma gene in Atlantic cod: Analysis with multiple merger coalescent models. PeerJ 3:e786 doi:

Hernandez, U.B. and Árnason, E., 2015. Living in each other’s pockets: Nucleotide variation inside a genomic island harboring Pan I and its neighbors in Atlantic cod. PeerJ PrePrints doi:

Guðni Magnús Eiríksson and Einar Árnason. 2015. Gene flow across the N-Atlantic and sex-biased dispersal inferred from mtDNA sequence variation in saithe, Pollachius virens. Environmental Biology of Fishes 98:67–79, doi:10.1007/s10641-014-0237-8.

Guðni Magnús Eiríksson and Einar Árnason. 2014. Mitochondrial DNA sequence variation in whiting Merlangius merlangus in the North East Atlantic. Environmental Biology of Fishes 97:103–110, doi:10.1007/s10641-013-0143-5.

Einar Árnason and Katrín Halldórsdóttir, 2014.Nucleotide variation and balancing natural selection at the Ckma gene in Atlantic cod: Analysis with multiple merger coalescent models. PeerJ PrePrints 9 October 2014 doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.528v1

Einar Árnason. 2014. False facts and false views: Coalescent analysis of truncated data. bioRχiv, The Preprint Server for Biology, June 30, 2014 doi:10.1101/006445

Guðni Magnús Eiríksson and Einar. Árnason. 2013. Spatial and temporal microsatellite variation in spawning Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua, around Iceland. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 70: 1151–1158. doi:10.1139/cjfas-2012-0494.

Einar Árnason and Bogi Andersen, 2013. deCODE and Iceland: A Critique. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0005180.pub2.

Kim Aleksander T. Halvorsen, Einar Árnason, Peter J. Smith and Jarle Mork, 2012. Mitochondrial DNA differentiation between the antitropical blue whiting species Micromesistius poutassou and M. australis. Journal of Fish Biology 81: 253–269 doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2012.03334.x.

Einar Árnason. 2010. Theory of Evolution. Chapter 1 (pp. 17–51) in Darwin’s heritage edited by Arnar Pálsson, Bjarni K. Kristjánsson, Hafdís H. Ægisdóttir, Snæbjörn Pálsson og Steindór J. Erlingsson. Hið íslenska bókmenntafélag. Reykjavík. (In Icelandic).

Einar Árnason. 2010. Gene, environment, and phenotype. Chapter 2 (pp. 53–71) in Darwin’s heritage edited by Arnar Pálsson, Bjarni K. Kristjánsson, Hafdís H. Ægisdóttir, Snæbjörn Pálsson og Steindór J. Erlingsson. Hið íslenska bókmenntafélag. Reykjavík. (In Icelandic).

Katrín Halldórsdóttir and Einar Árnason, 2009. Multiple linked β and α globin genes in Atlantic cod: a PCR based strategy of genomic exploration. Marine Genomics 2:169–181. doi:10.1016/j.margen.2009.10.001

Katrín Halldórsdóttir and Einar Árnason, 2009. Organization of a β and α globin gene Set in the Teleost Atlantic Cod, Gadus morhua. Biochemical Genetics 47:817–830. doi:10.1007/s10528-009-9280-0.

Einar Árnason, Ubaldo Benitez Hernandez and Kristján Kristinsson, 2009. Intense habitat-specific fisheries induced selection at the molecular Pan I locus predicts imminent collapse of a major cod fishery. PLoS ONE. 4:e5529. doi:10.1371\%journal.pone.0005529

Snæbjörn Pálsson and Jonas Paulsen and Thomas Källman and Einar Árnason, 2009. An assessment of mitochondrial variation in Arctic gadoids. Polar Biology 32:471–479.

Einar Árnason. 2009. Hann á afmæli hann Darwin, hann á afmæli í ár. Náttúrufræðingurinn 77:67. (Darwin’s anniversary. In Icelandic)

Snæbjörn Pálsson, Jonas Paulsen og Einar Árnason. 2008. Rapid evolution of the intergenic T-P spacer in the mtDNA of Arctic Cod Arctogadus glacialis. Marine Biotechnology 10:270–277.

Einar Árnason, 2004. Mitochondrial cytochrome b DNA variation in the high fecundity Atlantic cod: Trans Atlantic clines and shallow gene-genealogy. Genetics 166: 1871–1885.

Hlynur Sigurgíslason og Einar Árnason. 2003. Extent of mitochondrial DNA sequence variation in Atlantic cod from the Faroe Islands: a resolution of gene genealogy. Heredity 91: 557–564.

Einar Árnason and Frank Wells. 2003. Iceland and deCODE: A Critique. In Encyclopedia of the Human Genome. David Cooper et al. (eds.). MacMillan, London.

Einar Árnason, 2003. Genetic Heterogeneity of Icelanders. Annals of Human Genetics 67: 5–16.

Tillquist, C., E. Árnason, H. Sigurgíslason, and M. Hammer (2003). Evidence of Founder Effects in North Atlantic Island Populations. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Supplement 34: 208.

Einar Árnason, 2002. Personal Identifiability in the Icelandic Health Sector Database. The Journal of Information, Law and Technology (JILT) 2002 (2)

Truls Moum, Úlfur Árnason og Einar Árnason, 2002. Mitochondrial DNA Sequence Evolution and Phylogeny of the Atlantic Alcidae, Including the Extinct Great Auk (Pinguinus impennis). Molecular Biology and Evolution 19:1434–1439.

Tillquist, C., M. Kaplan(2), F. Blackmer, T. Karafet, H. Jarjanazi, M. Remigereau, E. Árnason, H. Sigurgíslason, and M. Hammer, 2002. Evidence of Y Chromosome clines in Europe: Post-glacial re-colonization from Upper Paleolithic refugia? American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Supplement (abstract).

Bjarki Jónsson Eldon, Jóhann Axelsson, Stefán B. Sigurðsson and Einar Árnason, 2001. Cardiovascular risk factors and relatedness in an Icelandic subpopulation. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 60: 499–502.

Einar Árnason, 2001. Persónugreining í gagnagrunni á heilbrigðissviði. Læknablaðið 87: 807–816. (Personal Identifiability in the Icelandic Health Sector Database. In Icelandic.)

Truls Moum and Einar Árnason, 2001. Genetic diversity and population history of two related seabird species based on mitochondrial DNA control region sequences. Molecular Ecology 10: 2463–2478.

Tillquist, C., E. Árnason, H. Sigurgíslason, and M. Hammer, 2001. Y chromosome variation on the Isle of Man: Evidence of Celtic and Scandinavian admixture. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Supplement 32:149-150 (abstract).

Einar Árnason, 2000. The Icelandic Healthcare Database. The New England Journal of Medicine 343: 1734-1735.

Einar Árnason, Hlynur Sigurgíslason, og Eiríkur Benedikz, 2000. Genetic homogeneity of Icelanders: Fact or fiction? Nature Genetics 25: 373–374.

Einar Árnason, Pétur Henry Petersen, Kristján Kristinsson, Hlynur Sigurgíslason, og Snæbjörn Pálsson, 2000. Mitochondrial cytochrome b DNA sequence variation of Atlantic Cod, Gadus morhua, from Iceland and Greenland. Journal of Fish Biology 56 409–430.

Einar Árnason 2000. The Icelandic Healthcare Database. The New England Journal of Medicine, 343:1734-1735.

Bogi Andersen and Einar Árnason, 1999 Iceland’s database is ethically questionable. British Medical Journal 318: 1565.

Einar Árnason and J. S. F. Barker, 1999. Analysis of selection in laboratory and field Populations. In: Evolutionary Genetics: From Molecules to Morphology (Rama Singh and Costas Krimbas, eds.. Chapter 10.  (pp. 182–203). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Bogi Andersen, Einar Árnason and Skúli Sigurðsson 1999. Kafkaesque ethics for post-modern vikings? eBMJ (

Einar Árnason, 1998. Mitochondrial cytochrome b DNA sequence variation Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua. In: The Implication of Localized Fishery Stocks (Hunt von Herbing, I. Kornfield, I. Tupper, M. and Wilson J., eds.). pp. 129–137. NRAES, Ithaca, NY.

Einar Árnason 1978. Apostatic Selection and Kleptoparasitism in the Parasitic Jaeger. The Auk 95: 377-381. (

Einar Árnason and P.R. Grant 1978. The significance of kleptoparasitism during the breeding season in a colony of Arctic skuas Stercorarius parasiticus in Iceland. Ibis 120: 38-54 (doi: 10.1111/j.1474-919X.1978.tb04997.x) (