Academic papers

Iceland: The Dominant Party in Thrall to Its Past Discourse, in Malin Stegmann McCallion and Alex Brianson (eds.) Nordic States and European integration: Awkward Partners in the North? Palgrave Studies in European Union Politics, 2017.

Island and Brexit: ‘Icexit’ fra söknaden om eu-medlemskap? (Iceland and Brexit: Icexit from the EU membership application?), with Pétur Gunnarsson, in Internasjonal Politikk, Focus: Norden and Brexit, vol. 75, no. 2, 2017.

Iceland’s alignment with the EU-US sanctions on Russia: autonomy versus dependence, with Pétur Gunnarsson, in Global Affairs, published online 15 October 2017.

The Small-State Survival Guide to Foreign Policy Success, with Sverrir Steinsson in The National Interest, Foreign Policy Experts Roundtable, 28 September 2017.

A Small State Seeking Shelter – Iceland’s Search for Shelter, Policy Brief no. 16. Small States and the New Security Environment (SSANSE), Research Project. Presented at the conference: ‘Small States and the Changing Global Order: New Zealand Faces the Future’ at University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand, 3-4 June 2017.

Small States in the UNSC and the EU: Structural Weaknesses and Ability to Influence. In Petra Butler and Caroline Morris (eds.), Small States in a Legal World (New York : Springer: 2017), 35-64.

Small State Foreign Policy, with Sverrir Steinsson in the Oxford Research Encyclopaedia of Politics, 2017.

Fullveldi smáríkja: Samskipti Íslands við nágrannaríki og alþjóðastofnanir (Sovereignity and small states: Iceland’s relations with its neighbouring states and international organizations). In Svala Ísfeld Ólafsdóttir (ed.), Fullveldi í 99 árAfmælisrit til heiðurs Davíð Þór Björgvinssyni. (Reykjavík: Hið íslenska bókmennafélag: 2017), pp.73-94.

Iceland’s Relations with its Regional Powers: Alignment with the EU-US sanctions on Russia, with Pétur Gunnarsson. The Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) Working Paper 874, 2017.

Do Small States Need ‘Alliance Shelter’? Scotland and the Nordic Nations, with Alyson J.K. Bailes in Andrew W. Neal (ed.), Security in a Small Nation: Scotland, Democracy, Politics. (UK: Open Book Publishers: 2017), 49-76.

Alliance Theory and Small State Alliance “Shelter”: The Complexities of Small State Alliance Behavior, with Alyson J.K. Bailes and Bradley A. Thayer in Third World Thematics, vol 1, issue 1, 2016, p. 9-26.

Small state diplomacy, with Alyson J.K. Bailes in Costas M. Constantinou, Pauline Kerr and Paul Sharp (eds.), The SAGE Handbook of Diplomacy. (London: Sage: 2016), 294-307.

Do Small States Need Shelter? The Economic and Political Turmoil in Iceland in Harald Baldersheim and Michael Keating (eds.), Small States in the Modern World: Vulnerabilities and Opportunities. (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar: 2016), 42-56.

Iceland’s External Affairs from the Napoleonic Era to the occupation of Denmark: Danish and British Shelter, with Tómas Joensen, in Icelandic Review of Politics and Administration, vol 11, issue 2, December 2015, pp. 187-206.

How do Little Frogs Fly? Small States in the European Union. Policy Brief,  no. 12, The Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI),  2 June 2015.

Iceland – A reluctant European? In Erik O. Eriksen and John Erik Fossum (eds.), The European Union’s non-members: Independence under hegemony? (New York: Routledge: 2015), p. 118-136.

The Outsiders: Norway and IcelandIn Grön C.H., Nedergaard P. and Wivel A. (eds.), The Nordic Countries and the European Union: Still the other European community? (New York: Routledge: 2015), p. 32-50.

Iceland’s External Affairs from 1550-1815: Danish societal and political cover concurrent with a highly costly economic policy, with Tómas Joensen, in Icelandic Review of Politics and Administration, vol 10, issue 2, December 2014, pp. 191-216.

Iceland’s Democratic Challenges and Human Rights’ Implications, with Björg Thorarensen. In H.F. Carey (ed.) European Institutions, Democratization, and Human Rights Protection in the European Periphery. (Lexington Books: 2014).

‘Small States’: A Theme in Icelandic Political Science and Politics, with Alyson Bailes in Reveu Nordiques, June 2014.

Europe: Iceland Prefers Partial Engagement in European Integration. Research Consortium. Small State Briefs.  The Centre for Small State Studies, University of Iceland, 10 June 2014.

Small states, survival and strategy, with Alyson JK Bailes and Jean-Marc Rickli. In C. Archer, A. JK Bailes and A. Wivel (eds.) Small States and International Security: Europe and beyond. (New York: Routledge: 2014).

The Sceptical Political Elite Versus Pro-European Public: The Case of Iceland, in C. Ingebritsen (ed.) The Scandinavian Way and its Legacy in Europe. (Sentia Publishing: 2013).

Iceland and Europe: Drifting further apart?with Alyson JK Bailes. Briefing Paper published by the Finnish Institute of International Affairs, September 2013.

Iceland’s External Affairs from 1400 to the Reformation: Anglo-German Economic and Societal Shelter in a Danish Political Vacuumwith Þorsteinn Kristinsson, in Icelandic Review of Politics and Administration, vol. 9, no. 1, June 2013, pp. 113-137.

Scotland as an Independent Small State: Where would it seek shelter?with Alyson JK Bailes and Rachel Lorna Johnstone in Sjórnmál og stjórnsýsla, vol. 9, no. 1, June 2013, pp. 1-20.

Iceland’s contested European Policy: The Footprint of the Past – A Small and Insular Society, in Jean Monnet Occasional Paper Series,  02/2013, Institute for European Studies, University of Malta.

Neo-Liberal Small States and Economic Crisis: Lessons for Democratic Corporatism, with Rainer Kattel in Journal of Baltic Studies, vol. 44, no. 1, March 2013, pp. 83-103.

Instrumentalizing the European Union in Small State Strategywith Alyson Bailes in Journal of European Integration, vol. 35, no. 2, 2013, pp. 99-115.

Financial crisis in Iceland and Ireland: Does EU and Euro membership matter?, with Peadar Kirby in Journal of Common Market Studies, vol. 50, no. 5, September 2012, pp. 801-818. For abstract click here.

The Icelandic economic collapse: How to overcome constraints associated with smallness?, in European Political Science, Symposium, European Consortium for Political Research, 26 October 2012, pp. 1-13.

Iceland’s external affairs in the Middle Ages: The shelter of Norwegian sea powerin Icelandic Review of Politics and Administration, vol. 8, no. 1, June 2012, pp. 5-37.

Small States in the UN Security Council: Means of Influence?, in the Hague Journal of Diplomacy, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2012 , pp. 135-160.

A small state seeking shelter in turbulent times: Iceland’s economic crash and EU membership application, in Latvia’s Interests in the European Union (Latvijas Intereses Eiropas Savieniba), 2012/3, pp. 54-63. This special issue of the journal was discussed in the Latvian Parliament.

Iceland’s application for European Union membership, with Graham Avery and Alyson JK Bailes in Studia Diplomatica, Vol. LXIV: 2011, pp. 93 – 119.

Financial crises in Iceland and Ireland: Does EU and Euro membership matter?with Peadar Kirby. Working paper published by TASC in Dublin and by the Centre for Small State Studies at the University of Iceland in Reykjavik, November 2011.

Domestic buffer versus external shelter: viability of small states in the new globalised economy, in European Political Science, Symposium, European Consortium for Political Research, vol. 10, 2011, pp. 324-336.

Iceland’s Economic Crash and Integration Takeoff: An End to European Union Scepticism?, with Christian Rebhan in Scandinavian Political Studies, vol. 31 , no. 1, March 2011, pp. 53-73.

The corporatist model and its value in understanding small european states in the neo-liberal world of the twenty-first century: the case of iceland, in European Political Science, Debate, European Consortium for Political Research, vol. 9, no. 3, September 2010, pp. 375-386.

The Nordic States and Agenda-Setting in the European Union: How Do Small States Score?, with Gunnhildur Lily Magnúsdóttir, in Icelandic Review of Politics and Administration, Vol. 7, no. 1, 2011.

EUROPE: Small states prefer partial EU integration, in Oxford Analytica, Global Strategic Analysis, August 2010.

An assessment of Icelanders’ views on the development of the EU, with Pia Hansson in EU-27 Watch, no. 9, Institute fur Europaische Politik, Berlin, July 2010.

The Icelandic Crash and its Consequences: A Small State without Economic and Political Shelter, in Steinmetz, R. and Wivel, A. (ed.) Small states in Europe: Challenges and opportunities (Ashgate Publishing: 2010).

Små staters behov av skydd: exemplet Island, Conference Paper published by the Swedish Institute for European Policy Studies (SIEPS). IIA/CSSS, Reykjavik, 15 October 2010.

Islands EU-Mitgliedschaft – Ein Offenes Rennen, in Das Magazin der Neuen Europaischen Bewegung Schweiz, nr. 1. 2010.

Can Small States Choose Their Own Size? The Case of a Nordic State – Iceland, in Cooper, A.F. and Shaw, T. (ed.) The Diplomacies of Small States: Between Vulnerability and Resilience, Palgrave MacMillian, 2009, 119-142.

How do Small States Protect themselves from External Crisis?, in Seminar Series Spring 2009: The Future of Iceland in the Community of Nations, the Institute of International Affairs in collaboration with the Icelandic Ministry for Foreign Affairs, 2009.

The influence of ideology on the European policy of the Independence Party, in Johannesson, G. and Bjornsdóttir, H. (ed.) Rannsóknir í félagsvísindum IX, Félagsvísindasvið Háskóla Íslands, 2008.

Evrópustefna íslenskra stjórnvalda: Stefnumótun, átök og afleiðingar, in Valur Ingimundarson (ed.) Uppbrot hugmyndakerfis: Endurmótun íslenskrar utanríkisstefnu 1991-2007. Reykjavik: Hið íslenska bókmenntafélag, 2008, 67-136.

Hefur Ísland valið sér nýja stærð í alþjóðakerfinu?, in Bergþórsson, V. (ed.) Íslenska leiðin 2007/2008, Félag stjórnmálafræðinema, 2008.

David against Goliath: Is the influence of small states in the EU diminishing?in Gunnar Þór Jóhannesson (ed.) Rannsóknir í félagsvísindum VIII, pp. 635-646, Reykjavík: The Institute of Social Science, University of Iceland, 2007.

Íslenskir stjórnmálamenn og þátttaka í samruna Evrópu: Sérstaða eða sérviskain Silja Bára Ómarsdóttir (ed.) Ný staða Íslands í utanríkismálum: Tengsl við önnur Evrópulönd, The Institute for International Affairs, University of Iceland, 2007.

Iceland’s involvement in global affairs since the mid 1990s: What features determine the size of a state?, in Mallat C., and Philip C., (eds) European Horizons, Brussels: USJ Presses and Bruylant, 2007.

Small States in the European Union: What do we know and what would we like to know?with Anders Wivel in Cambridge Review of International Affairs, vol.19 no. 4, December 2006, pp. 651-668.

The Size of States in the European Union: Theoretical and Conceptual Perspectivesin Journal of European Integration, vol. 28 no. 1, March 2006, pp. 7-31.

Iceland’s involvement in global affairs since the mid-1990s: What features determine a state’s size, in Icelandic Review of Politics and Administration, vol. 2 no. 2, 2006.

Hefur Ísland valið sér nýja stærð í alþjóðakerfinu?, in Úlfar Hauksson (ed.) Rannsóknir í félagsvísindum VII, pp. 627-642, Reykjavík:  Háskólaútgáfan, 2006.

Iceland and the European Security and Defence Policy, with Alyson Bailes in Alyson Bailes, Gunilla Herolf og Bengt Sundelius (ed.) The Nordic Countries and the European Security and Defence Policy, pp. 328-348, SIPRE – Oxford University Press, 2006.

The Role of Small States in the European Unionin C. Ingebritsen, I. Neumann, S. Gstöhl, J. Beyer (ed.) Small States in International Relations, pp. 218-227, University of Washington Press, Seattle and University of Icelandic Press, Reykjavík, 2006.

Europeanization of Nordic Central Governments: Towards a Transnational Regulatory State?with Per Lærgreid and Runólfur Smári Steinþórsson in Working Paper 10-2005, Rokkansenteret, Stein Rokkan Centre for Social Studies, Bergen University Research Foundation, November 2005.

What features determine international activities of small states? The international approaches of Iceland until the mid 1990s, in Icelandic Review of Politics and Administration, vol. 1 no. 1, 2005.

The Influence of Small States on the Institutional Structure of the European Union, with Baldvin Donald Petersson in Úlfar Hauksson (ed.) Rannsóknir í félagsvísindum VI, pp. 525-538, Reykjavík:  Háskólaútgáfan, 2005.

Europeanization of Central Government Administration in the Nordic States, with Per Lægreid and Runólfi Smára Steinþórssyni, in Journal of Common Market Studies, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 347-369, June 2004.

The Fishmeal Crisis, with Elva Ellertsdóttir in Ásthildur Elva Bernharðsdóttir and Lina Svedin (eds) in Bengt Sundelius (general editor) Small-State Crisis Management: The Icelandic Way, vol. 25, CRISMART: the National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training, Sweden, 2004.

Evrópustefna íslenskra stjórnvalda fyrstu þrjá áratugi lýðveldisins, with Hjalta Þór Vignissyni in Úlfar Hauksson (ed.) Rannsóknir í félagsvísindum V, pp. 749-766, Reykjavík: Háskólaútgáfan, 2004.

Evrópustefna íslenskra stjórnvalda: Áhrif varnar- og viðskiptatengsla við Bandaríkin, with Hjalti Þór Vignisson in Úlfar Hauksson (ed.) Rannsóknir í félagsvísindum V, pp. 767-782,  Reykjavík: Háskólaútgáfan, 2004.

Evrópusamruninn og efasemdir íslenskra ráðamanna, with Gunnari Helga Kristinssyni in Úlfar Hauksson (ed.) Rannsóknir í félagsvísindum V, pp. 783-796. Reykjavík: Háskólaútgáfan, 2004.

Can small states influence policy in an EU of 25 members?, in Erhard Busek og Waldemar Hummer (eds.) Liechtenstein Politische Schriften, vol. 39, no. 330-347. Vaduz: Verlag der Liechtensteinischen Akademischen Gesellschaft, 2004.

Evrópuvæðing stjórnsýslunnar: Áhrif Evrópusamvinnunnar á stjórnsýslu Norðurlanda, with Per Lægreid og Runólfur Smári Steinþórsson, in Friðrik Jónsson (ed.) Rannsóknir í Félagsvísindum IV, 613-624, Háskólaútgáfan, 2003.

Áhrif Evrópusamvinnunnar á stjórnsýslu Íslands og Noregs, with Per Lægreid og Runólfur Smári Steinþórsson, in Friðrik Jónsson (ed.) Rannsóknir í Félagsvísindum IV, 625-638, Háskólaútgáfan, 2003.

Áhrif Evrópusamvinnunnar á stjórnsýslu ESB ríkjanna Svíþjóðar og Finnlands og EFTA/EES ríkjanna Íslands og Noregs, with Per Lægreid og Runólfur Smári Steinþórsson, in Friðrik Jónsson (ed.) Rannsóknir í Félagsvísindum IV, 639-654, Háskólaútgáfan, 2003.

Europeanization of Public Administration: Effects of the EU on the Central Administration in the Nordic States, with Per Lærgreid og Runolfur Smari Steinthorsson in Working Paper 17-2002, Rokkansenteret, Stein Rokkan Centre for Social Studies, Bergen University Research Foundation, November 2002.

The Skeptical Political Elite Versus the Pro-European Public: The Case of Icelandin Scandinavian Studies, Vol. 74, No. 3, 2002, pp. 349-378.

Consequences of a small administration:  The Case of Iceland, in Current Politics and Economics of Europe, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2002, pp. 61-76

Small states in the European Union:  A theoretical approach, in Beltrán, L., Maestro, J., Salo-Lee, L. (eds.) European Peripheries in Interaction: The Nordic Countries and the Iberian Peninsula, p. 51 -69, (Universidad de Alcala: Servicio de Publicaciones: 2002).

The distinctive domestic characteristics of Iceland and the rejection of membership of the European Union, in Journal of European integration, Vol. 23, No. 3, 2001, pp. 257-280.

Möguleikar íslensku stjórnsýslunnar til að takast á við aðild að Evrópusambandinu, in Eiríkur Bergmann Einarsson (ed.), Ísland í Evrópu, (Reykjavík: Samfylkingin: 2001).  A research project about the capacity of the national administration of Iceland to work within the European Union.

The administrative working procedures of smaller states in the decision-making process of the EU, in Jónsson F.H. and Hannibalsson I. (eds.) Research in Social Sciences III, (Iceland: Háskólaútgáfan: 2000)

Iceland´s special relationship with the USA and discussion on EU membership, in De Nordiske land mellom EU og NATO, Forsvarets högskoleforenings studieutvang, Oslo, Norway, February No. 1, 1997.

Samantekt um fátækt í Evrópu, a paper on poverty in Europe conducted for the Red Cross in Iceland, 1997.

Fátækt í Austur-Evrópu, a paper on poverty in Central and Eastern Europe conducted for the Red Cross in Iceland, 1997. The projects were mainly on health, poverty and population growth in Europe and on the economic and political situation in Central and Eastern Europe.

Starfshættir smáríkja innan ESB, in Íslenska leiðin (tímarit stjórnmálafræðinema), Vol 1, No. 1., (Pólitica – félag stjórnmálafræðinema við HÍ, October 2001).